Test of Written Language-4 (TOWL-4)

Test of Written Language-4 identifies students who write poorly, and need special help. Determines strengths and weaknesses in writing abilities, ...
Item Product Price QTY
32906 Test of Written Language-Fourth Ed, Complete Kit (TOWL-4 Kit $288.00
32906A TOWL-4 Student Response Booklets, Form A, Pk/25 $63.00
32906B TOWL-4 Student Response Booklets, Form B, Pk/25 $63.00
32906M TOWL-4 Manual $89.00
32906R TOWL-4 Record/Story Scoring Forms, Pk/50 $59.00
Test of Written Language-4 identifies students who write poorly, and need special help. Determines strengths and weaknesses in writing abilities, and documents progress in special writing programs. Attractive, new color stimulus pictures.

Identifies students who write poorly and need special help. Attractive, New color stimulus pictures.       
Donald D. Hammill and Stephen C. Larsen

  • Age Range: 9.0 through 17.11 years
  • Time: 60-90 minutes

This fourth edition of the Test of Written Language (TOWL-4) is a norm-referenced, comprehensive diagnostic test of written expression.  It determines a students’ particular strengths and weaknesses in writing abilities, documents progress in special writing programs, and measures writing in research.

The TOWL-4 has two forms (A and B) each containing seven subtests representing conventional, linguistic and conceptual aspects of writing. Subtests 1-5 use contrived formats; subtests 6-7 use a spontaneously written story to assess important aspects of language.

TOWL-4 Subtests:

  1. Vocabulary — Sentence writing that incorporates a stimulus word
  2. Spelling — Sentence writing from dictation, making proper use of spelling rules
  3. Punctuation — Sentence writing from dictation, making proper use of punctuation and capitalization rules
  4. Logical Sentences — Editing an illogical sentence so that it makes better sense
  5. Sentence Combining — Integrating the meaning of several short sentences into one grammatically-correct written sentence
  6. Contextual Conventions — Story writing in response to a stimulus picture, with points earned for satisfying arbitrary requirements relative to orthographic and grammatic conventions
  7. Story Composition — Story evaluation relative to the quality of its composition

Composites

  • Overall Writing — students’ writing ability, measured by subtests that use both spontaneous and contrived formats. Results of all seven subtests are combined for form this composite.
  • Contrived Writing — students’ writing ability measured by the five contrived format subtests.
  • Spontaneous Writing — students’ writing ability measured by the two subtests that assess and spontaneously-composed essays.

New TOWL-4 features include all new normative data, collected in 2006-2007, with grade-based norms, as well as age-based norms provided. Studies of criterion-prediction validity (with large numbers of participants) have been added. Almost all floor and ceiling effects have been eliminated.

The TOWL-4 Manual includes studies on sensitivity, specificity and false positives.

The TOWL-4 Kit includes 3 Large Colored Picture Cards; 50 4-page Record/Storing Scoring Forms; 25 each of the 12-page Student Response Booklets Forms A and B; a Supplemental Practice Scoring Booklet, and a Manual, in a sturdy storage box.